Unexploded Ordnance (UXO)

  • Hazardous Ground: Cluster Munitions and UXO in the Lao PDRMore cluster munitions were used in the Lao PDR than in any other country in the world. Nearly a third of them failed to explode and are still in the ground across the country. This brochure highlights the current UXO situation as of 2009, relating to land clearance, risk education and victim assistance.

  • Safe Path Forward IIThe Safe Path Forward II is the overall strategy for the UXO Sector that aims to contribute to the achievement of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) and the other development objectives set out in the 7th National Socio-Economic Development Plan in accordance with the principles of the Vientiane Declaration on Aid Effectiveness.

  • Beyond the Horizon: Reducing the Impact of UXO for Poverty Reduction in Lao PDRBeyond the Horizon: Reducing the Impact of UXO for Poverty Reduction in Lao PDRThis booklet highlights the situation of unexploded ordnance (UXO) in Lao PDR, as of late 2012 and the work that has been done and is ongoing to reduce the impact of UXO on the people and development of the country.

  • UXO Annual Report 2012UXO Annual Report 2012Unexploded ordnance, or UXO, are explosive weapons that failed to detonate when they were fired, dropped, launched or projected, and still pose the risk of exploding. UXO contamination in the Lao PDR consists of large bombs, rockets, grenades, artillery munitions, mortars, landmines, cluster munitions and submunitions.

  • UXO sector annual report 2013Among the key achievements in the UXO sector is the great progress in reducing the number of UXO accidents in Lao PDR. From an average of 300 UXO casualties annually as recently as 2008, the number has dropped to 56 in 2012 and to 41 in 2013. This is due, in part, to ongoing Risk Education in contaminated provinces and also to clearance of UXO by a growing number of operators.


Lao PDR is the most UXO-affected country in the world, with more than 2 million tonnes of bombs dropped on all provinces during the Indo-china war. UNDP helps people in Lao PDR be free of being injured or killed by bombs or other leftovers of the war. We also help people better protect their lives and property from national disasters in partnership with UXO Lao and the NRA (National Regulatory Authority).