Crisis Prevention & Recovery

During the Second Indochina War (1964-1975), more than two million tons of explosive ordnance were dropped on Laos, making it, per capita, the most heavily-bombed country in the world. Today, much of the country is still contaminated with cluster sub-munitions and other Unexploded Ordnance (UXO). These kill and injure dozens of people a year, and their presence negatively affects socioeconomic development, preventing access to agricultural land and increasing the costs, through land clearance, of all development projects. In 2010, Lao PDR introduced a localised Millennium Development Goal, MDG9: to reduce the impact of UXO. The same year, the Convention on Cluster Munitions came into force, obliging Lao PDR to make specific progress on UXO.

Our Goals

Through the Government's National Unexploded Ordnance Programmee (UXO Lao), UNDP and other partners help to clear land with improved technology, training de-miners and offering community-based UXO risk education and surveys, particularly in the most UXO-affected provinces. UNDP also seeks to improve the overall coordination and planning of the UXO sector as a whole through its institutional support to the National Regulatory Authority for the UXO and Mine Sector. more

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UXO Lao, the national clearance operator, making land safe in Xieng Khouang province.

Photo: UNDP Lao PDR/Laophoto

Our Stories

  • UXO clearance team. Photo: UNDP Lao PDR/Daniel Hodgson

    Clearing the way for Lao PDR
    UXO clearance team

    Treading lightly with her bare feet, 48-year-old Lar from Pakmong village in Lao PDR’s northern Luang Prabang Province smiles at her rice paddies where seedlings slowly mature into the main staple of the country. “We are rice and vegetable farmers”, says the mother of five, “but imagine our shock when my husband and I one day dug out a bombie while working in the field."more

Projects and Initiatives

Support to the Institutional Strengthening of the National Regulatory Authority for the UXO and Mine Sector

This project provides support to the coordination, regulation and monitoring of all organizations working in the UXO sector. more

Support to the Institutional Strengthening of UXO Lao

This project provides policy advice, aid coordination support, and technical support to UXO Lao, the national clearance operator. more