Poverty Reduction: In-depth

Face of woman from Lao ethnic group
Photo: UNDPLaoPDR/Valter Ziantoni


We work towards supporting the achievement of the national 5-year development plan. Thus we have been supporting the formulation and implementation of the 7th National Socio-Economic Development Plan (NSEDP) 2011-2015, while promoting the achievement of the MDGs. We are also working together with the Government of Lao PDR, especially the Ministry of Planning and Investment on mainstreaming the new global development agenda of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and preparing the next 5-year plan, the 8th NSEDP 2016-2020, which, as its overall objective, presents the meeting of the eligibility criteria for LDC graduation.     

Current Programme

The 2013 Round Table Meeting in Vientiane. Photo: UNDP Lao PDR/Valter Ziantoni

Inclusive and Pro-poor development planning
We help to strengthen the Government’s capacity at central and local levels in ensuring the formulation and implementation of their development plan encompassing all key aspects, such as equitable growth, poverty reduction and environmental sustainability, with special attention given to achieving the MDGs, and further adapting them to the new global development agenda of the SDGs, themselves demanding to be nationally tailored.

Strengthening development effectiveness
The Round Table Process on strategic development directions has been the core of UNDP’s special development partnership with Lao PDR. UNDP plays a major role as co-chair of the Round Table Process with the Government, helping to coordinate development partners in order to work together in a joint effort to achieve the greatest development results based on national priorities. 

Evidence-based policymaking
We are helping to improve the Ministry’s planning and monitoring/evaluation functions through the establishment of a strengthened database, LaoInfo, and better-trained personnel for more reliable development statistics.

Human development
We offer groundbreaking research on human development in Lao PDR through supporting the preparation of National Human Development Reports which advocate for policies placing people at the center of the development process towards inclusive and sustainable growth and the achievement of MDGs and SDGs as well as LDC graduation.

Regional Integration
As part of the preparation towards meeting the eligibility criteria for LDC graduation and ensuring the sustainability of development progress, we are building Lao PDR’s capacity to receive maximum benefits from full integration into the ASEAN Economic Community (AEC) by 2015, which will expand the country’s competitiveness in the global economy and accelerate poverty reduction.

The Lao Development Journey toward Graduation from Least Developed Country Status

This pamphlet provides a brief guide on everything you need to know about Lao PDR's aim of exiting the Least Developed Country (LDC) list by 2020. This includes the three criteria required to graduate from LDC status; Gross National Income per capita; The Human Assets Index; and The Economic Vulnerability Index.