Goal 13: Climate action

Lao PDR is highly vulnerable to climate change and will need to plan accordingly. The country is seeing an increased frequency and intensity of extreme weather events, such as droughts and floods. The majority of floods occur in the central and southern parts of the country, along the Mekong plain. From 1990 to 2015, Lao PDR had 21 severe floods and storms, affecting 500,000 people each. Reducing the impact of these disasters on the population will require adaptation measures, including effective disaster preparedness and risk reduction. Lao PDR is on track with the phase-out of ozone-depleting substances. These have declined to near-zero in 2014.

A comparison of greenhouse gas inventories for 1990 and 2000 shows that emissions had doubled in ten years. Lao PDR recorded a net sink of CO2 in 1990 and a net emission by year 2000. Of the total CO2 emissions, nearly all were emitted by land-use change and forestry. The agriculture sector produced the greatest share of methane (CH4) and nitrous oxide (N2O). Climate change mitigation will depend on reversing the loss of forests and other land use changes. 

The government is looking to create stronger policies and legislation by drafting a disaster risk management and climate change law (expected to be passed in 2017). 

The Government requested UNDP’s support in the preparation of the Intended Nationally Determined Contribution with the aim of submitting in time for inclusion in the Global Synthesis Report to be presented at the 21st Conference of the Parties in Paris. UNDP supported data collection and verification, and multi-stakeholder cross-sectoral consultation that included both government agencies and development partners. 

There is no country that is not experiencing the drastic effects of climate change. Greenhouse gas emissions are more than 50 percent higher than in 1990. Global warming is causing long-lasting changes to our climate system, which threatens irreversible consequences if we do not act.

The annual average economic losses from climate-related disasters are in the hundreds of billions of dollars. This is not to mention the human impact of geo-physical disasters, which are 91 percent climate-related, and which between 1998 and 2017 killed 1.3 million people, and left 4.4 billion injured. The goal aims to mobilize US$100 billion annually by 2020 to address the needs of developing countries to both adapt to climate change and invest in low-carbon development.

Supporting vulnerable regions will directly contribute not only to Goal 13 but also to the other SDGs. These actions must also go hand in hand with efforts to integrate disaster risk measures, sustainable natural resource management, and human security into national development strategies. It is still possible, with strong political will, increased investment, and using existing technology, to limit the increase in global mean temperature to two degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels, aiming at 1.5°C, but this requires urgent and ambitious collective action.

 

Facts and figures

+1°C

As of 2017 humans are estimated to have caused approximately 1.0°C of global warming above pre-industrial levels.

+20cm

Sea levels have risen by about 20 cm (8 inches) since 1880 and are projected to rise another 30–122 cm (1 to 4 feet) by 2100.

2050

To limit warming to 1.5C, global net CO2 emissions must drop by 45% between 2010 and 2030, and reach net zero around 2050.

1/3

Climate pledges under The Paris Agreement cover only one third of the emissions reductions needed to keep the world below 2°C.

$26 trillion

Bold climate action could trigger at least US$26 trillion in economic benefits by 2030.

18 million

The energy sector alone will create around 18 million more jobs by 2030, focused specifically on sustainable energy.

  • Strengthen resilience and adaptive capacity to climate-related hazards and natural disasters in all countries

  • Integrate climate change measures into national policies, strategies and planning

  • Improve education, awareness-raising and human and institutional capacity on climate change mitigation, adaptation, impact reduction and early warning

  • Implement the commitment undertaken by developed-country parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change to a goal of mobilizing jointly $100 billion annually by 2020 from all sources to address the needs of developing countries in the context of meaningful mitigation actions and transparency on implementation and fully operationalize the Green Climate Fund through its capitalization as soon as possible

  • Promote mechanisms for raising capacity for effective climate change-related planning and management in least developed countries and small island developing States, including focusing on women, youth and local and marginalized communities
SDG 1SDG 2SDG 3SDG 4SDG 5SDG 6SDG 7SDG 8SDG 9SDG 10SDG 11SDG 12SDG 13SDG 14SDG 15SDG 16SDG 17
Goals in action
SDG 8 SDG 10 SDG 13

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Tonle Sap in Cambodia is a key habitat for freshwater fish and many endangered species.

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A densely populated, low-lying country dominated by floodplains, the country is exceptionally vulnerable to extreme weather.

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"It's my bank for my children's future."

Restoring small farms and forests in Samoa.

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A pandemic allows for a "what if" moment

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In central Sri Lanka, the UNESCO World Heritage site is named for its peaks that resemble a clenched fist.

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Em[powered] island communities lead energy innovation

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