Goal 4: Quality education
Since 2000, there has been enormous progress in achieving the target of universal primary education. The total enrolment rate in developing regions reached 91 percent in 2015, and the worldwide number of children out of school has dropped by almost half. There has also been a dramatic increase in literacy rates, and many more girls are in school than ever before. These are all remarkable successes.
Progress has also been tough in some developing regions due to high levels of poverty, armed conflicts and other emergencies. In Western Asia and North Africa, ongoing armed conflict has seen an increase in the number of children out of school. This is a worrying trend. While Sub-Saharan Africa made the greatest progress in primary school enrolment among all developing regions – from 52 percent in 1990, up to 78 percent in 2012 – large disparities still remain. Children from the poorest households are up to four times more likely to be out of school than those of the richest households. Disparities between rural and urban areas also remain high.
Achieving inclusive and quality education for all reaffirms the belief that education is one of the most powerful and proven vehicles for sustainable development. This goal ensures that all girls and boys complete free primary and secondary schooling by 2030. It also aims to provide equal access to affordable vocational training, to eliminate gender and wealth disparities, and achieve universal access to a quality higher education.
By 2014, Lao PDR had met MDG target on enrolment, with a primary education net enrolment ratio of 98.5 percent. By 2016, the primary net enrolment ratio had reached 98.8 percent. However, survival rate to grade 5 remains low, at around 81.1 per cent in 2017. Although the survival rate has increased by over 10 percentage points from that in 2012, it still needs to be much higher for full achievement of MDG 2, which involves completion of primary education. The Mid Term Review of the Education Sector Development Plan 2011-15 linked the low survival rate to high repetition and dropout.
Enrollment in primary education in developing countries has reached 91 percent.
Still, 57 million primary-aged children remain out of school, more than half of them in sub-Saharan Africa.
1 in 4
In developing countries, one in four girls is not in school.
About half of all out-of-school children of primary school age live in conflict-affected areas.
103 million youth worldwide lack basic literacy skills, and more than 60 percent of them are women.
6 of 10
6 out of 10 children and adolescents are not achieving a minimum level of proficiency in reading and math.