Goal 5: Gender equality
Ending all discrimination against women and girls is not only a basic human right, it’s crucial for sustainable future; it’s proven that empowering women and girls helps economic growth and development.
UNDP has made gender equality central to its work and we’ve seen remarkable progress in the past 20 years. There are more girls in school now compared to 15 years ago, and most regions have reached gender parity in primary education.
But although there are more women than ever in the labour market, there are still large inequalities in some regions, with women systematically denied the same work rights as men. Sexual violence and exploitation, the unequal division of unpaid care and domestic work, and discrimination in public office all remain huge barriers. Climate change and disasters continue to have a disproportionate effect on women and children, as do conflict and migration.
It is vital to give women equal rights land and property, sexual and reproductive health, and to technology and the internet. Today there are more women in public office than ever before, but encouraging more women leaders will help achieve greater gender equality.
In 2017, Lao PDR has one of the highest proportions of women (27.5 percent) in national parliaments, well above the world average. However, the proportion of women in other decisionmaking institutions within the Government is still low (5 percent as of 2012).
A study from 2014 showed that some 20 percent of Lao women had experienced physical, sexual or emotional violence.
UN agencies, under the lead of UNFPA and UN Women, continued to collaborate in their support to develop national legal and planning frameworks around gender equality and women’s empowerment. Moreover, the UN has contributed to empowering national institutions to better implement and monitor these laws, strategies and actions plans, such as the National Strategy on the Advancement of Women and the National Action Plan on Elimination of Violence against Women and Children.